Overall annuity sales continued their downward arc in the first quarter, according to several recently released statistical reports. But there were some rays of light peeking through the clouds.
Industry-wide, annuity sales in the first quarter totaled about $49.6 billion, down 2 percent from $50.6 billion in the final quarter of last year and a 6.6 percent drop from Q1 2012 when sales amounted to $53.1 billion, reports the Insured Retirement Institute (IRI).
In the variable annuity (VA) space, there was a measure of good news. Although sales slumped 4.4 percent year over year (dropping from $36.2 billion in Q1 2012 to $34.6 billion), that number was a slight 0.6 percent higher than Q4 2012’s total of $34.4 billion, reports IRI, citing statistics from Morningstar Inc.
Further stats from Morningstar indicate additional improvement in the VA sector. Net sales returned to positive territory, reaching $900 million, after posting a negative $599 million in the fourth quarter of last year.
VA total net assets hit an all-time high of nearly $1.72 trillion in Q1, a 4.6 percent climb from the $1.64 trillion recorded in the fourth quarter of last year and a 6.5 percent jump from $1.61 trillion in Q1 2012. In the variable annuity market, there were $22.77 billion in qualified sales and $11.86 billion in nonqualified sales during the first quarter.
Cathy Weatherford, president and CEO of IRI, said the quarter-over-quarter gain in VA sales and the positive growth in net sales were encouraging signs for the sector. “It’s worth noting, however, that net flows have been largely affected by outflows from group contracts as a result of an aging workforce rolling out of qualified plans,” Weatherford said in a statement. “This reflects the demographic reality that there is a population spike entering their retirement years.”
Frank O’Connor, product manager, Morningstar Annuity Research Center, noted in a statement the change in how VA assets are dispersed, with more money now invested in allocation funds. “Five years ago, allocation funds represented just 12 percent of total VA assets but have risen steadily to more than 30 percent today,” O’Connor said. He added that this movement is driven by the “common requirement” to invest in such funds when electing an income guarantee.
Fixed annuity sales also slide
Low interest rates continue to pound down sales of fixed annuities. In Q1, fixed annuity sales reached $15 billion, down 11.7 percent from a year ago ($16.9 billion) and 7.7 percent from the fourth quarter of 2012 ($16.2 billion), according to Beacon Research.
Even indexed annuities, usually a bright spot in the fixed annuity world, slumped in sales volume during Q1, dropping 4.6 percent year over year ($7.8 billion versus $$8.2 billion) and 7.9 percent from the previous quarter, when sales totaled $8.5 billion.
Meanwhile, results varied within the broader fixed annuity category. Fixed-rate MVA sales slid down nearly 29 percent from $1.4 billion in the first quarter of last year to $972 million in Q1. Yet, when compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, when fixed-rate MVA sales hit $999 million, the most recent tally was only a drop of 2.7 percent. That slight dip, Beacon Researchers speculate, may be because consumers are more apt “to accept some potential interest rate risk in exchange for higher credited rates.”
Similarly, fixed-rate non-MVA sales registered a 23.5 percent year-over-year decline, going from $5.3 billion in Q1 2012 to $4 billion in Q1. That represents an 8.1 percent decrease from Q4 2012 when sales equaled about $4.4 billion.
DIAs heat up
Income annuities booked mixed results. Between Q4 ’12 and Q1, sales fell 8.2 percent, sliding from $2.4 billion to $2.2 billion. However, due to a surge in deferred income annuity (DIA) sales, overall income annuity sales were up 1.4 percent year over year. According to Beacon’s calculations, DIA sales were 150 percent higher than a year ago ($115 million versus $386 million) and experienced their fifth consecutive quarter of growth.
Judith Alexander, director of marketing for Beacon, said that all issuers of fixed deferred annuities participated in the survey, but one carrier has yet to start splitting DIA sales from total income annuity sales. Therefore, total DIA sales were slightly higher – but no more than 5 percent higher ‑ than what was reported to Beacon, Alexander wrote in an email.
Broken out by company, Allianz Life took the top spot in Q1 with $1.16 billion in sales, followed by Security Benefit, which sold $1.1 billion. Security Benefit had two of the quarter’s five top-selling fixed annuities: Total Value Annuity was the bestseller, while Secure Income Annuity came in third.